Sleep apnea – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Sleep apnea is a medical condition where you stop and start breathing during your sleeping moments. It would be best if you understood that you might have sleep apnea when you feel tired after your night’s sleep.
Blood pressure and heart trouble are common issues in sleep apnea. This disease can attack anyone, but those people who are overweight have more effect on sleep apnea. Sleep apnea obstructs the flow of breath hundreds of times during the night.
This disease creates health problems such as high blood pressure, enlargement of tissues, heart failure, and heart attack without proper treatment. Twenty-five percent of men and 10% of women suffer from this disease. Apnea attacks babies, children, and those people who are overweight and overage.
Causes and types
Sleep apnea is a common and serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops for 10 seconds during sleep. The disorder results in a lack of oxygen in the blood and can shorten the sleep of those who sleep through the night.
Some causes of sleep apnea are:
- Head and neck anatomy
- Excess weight
- Cigarette smoking
- Hormone abnormalities
- Sleeping position
- Family history of sleep apnea
- Being male
- Nasal congestion
- Using alcohol
Sleep apnea is divided into three types:
1- Obstructive sleep apnea:
This type is most common. In this situation, your airways are blocked during sleep because the soft tissue in your throat breaks down. At this critical stage, your body begins to tremble and jerk.
2- Central sleep apnea:
In central sleep apnea, your brain stops sending proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.
3-Complex sleep apnea:
This type occurs when somebody has both (OSA) and (CSA). Sleep apnea may occur in older adults.
Snoring is one of the most common symptoms of sleep apnea. Your breathing may stop from time to time. Other symptoms include shortness of breath, sleepiness, and tiredness during the day.
Sleep apnea symptoms differ from person to person and are listed below:
- Bad dreams and nightmares
- Dizziness while awake
- Loss of interest in sex
- Morning headaches
- Fall asleep while driving
- Lake of energy after a full night’s sleep
- Restless sleep
- Dry mouth
A patient with sleep apnea may be unaware of his symptoms and signs, whereas your partner tells you that you are in a snoring position. If these symptoms appear on your body, contact your Pulmonologist in Lahore immediately. Your doctor may suggest a sleeping test if he suspects you have sleep apnea.
By following the doctors’ advice, these symptoms can be significantly reduced. Sleeping on the hands and knees is an unusual position for this disease. Children often sleep in the classrooms and feel laziness during their studies.
Sleep apnea is also called a chronic condition. By changing lifestyle, mild cases can improve, such as quitting smoking, physical activity, weight loss, etc.
Regular treatment and (CPAP) therapy can significantly reduce the health complications of sleep apnea. Research shows that sleeping on your back throughout the night can increase this illness. Sleeping on your side can be beneficial for you. Changing lifestyles can play a vital role in severe cases of sleep apnea.
The following steps may help and do not improve your signs and symptoms of sleep apnea.
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Avoid alcohol
- Sleep on your side
It should be your doctor’s priority to make changes in your routine life. Following can help open up blocked airways:
- Supplemental oxygen
- Adaptive servo-ventilation
- Oral appliances
- Other airway pressure devices.
- Continuous positive airway pressure
- Treatment for associated medical problems.
Surgery is needed when other treatments do not work. Before considering surgery, at least a three-month trial of different treatment options is recommended.
Surgical options might include:
- Tissue removal
- Tissue shrinkage
- Creating new air passageway
- Nerve stimulation
- Jaw repositioning.
Some other types of surgery may help reduce snoring to treat apnea.
- Surgery to remove enlarged tonsils.
- Weight-loss surgery.
Sleep apnea should not be ignored. To get treatment for it you can consult an expert through oladoc.com.